Canine and feline orthodontic problems occur from either inherited jaw length discrepancies called skeletal malocclusion, or from individual teeth that have erupted in abnormal locations and caused injury (dental malocclusion).

Examples of skeletal malocclusion include:

Examples of dental malocclusion include:

Orthodontic care is recommended to move or remove teeth and create a pain-free mouth. Sometimes teeth are moved with elastic bands attached to cemented brackets on the teeth. Other times fixed appliances are installed on one jaw to move the teeth on the opposite jaw into a functional bite. When teeth cannot be moved to correct positions, they can be reduced in height and restored or extracted.